Judging Juvenility: Determination of Age of Juvenile Offenders under Pakistan's Juvenile Justice System

Khurshid Iqbal

The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Judicial Academy ; International Islamic University - Department of Law

October 3, 2009

Pakistan Journal of Criminology, Vol. 1(3) October 2009, pp 105-118.


Determination of age of Juvenile Offenders is a crucial issue in Pakistan’s Juvenile Justice System. This issue goes to the spirit of Pakistan’s Juvenile Justice System Ordinance, 2000 (JJSO) as it is after the determination of his/her juvenility that an offender can avail the rights available to him/her and a Juvenile Court assumes its jurisdiction under the JJSO. The article argues that the JJSO and other relevant statutes in the field are inconsistent in determining age of Juvenile Offenders. Examining in details the case law since the introduction of the JJSO in the year 2000 till 2009, the article further argues that while the courts, too, have been giving conflicting judicial views, of late, the growing body of case law shows a visible tendency of the courts to settle the issue, which is of great significance. Equally important, however, is the role of the law-makers to set right the legislative inconsistencies to resolve the issue by amending and consolidating the law relating to juvenile justice system. The article concludes that Pakistan has both national and international obligations to make serious efforts in ensuring effective protection of human rights of the children in conflict with law.


Number of Pages in PDF File: 15

Keywords: Criminal justice, Juvenile justice, Juvenility, Pakistan


Research Paper

Author / Editor: 

Khurshid Iqbal





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Criminal justice, Juvenile justice, Juvenility, Pakistan

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